The terms ‘critical’ and ‘reflection’ are sorely misunderstood in education. Being critical is often misinterpreted as being negative. ‘Reflection’ is also frequently distorted to mean “reflect on what you are doing wrong”. Too often the students that we teach give negative feedback when asked to be critical. So to counter act this, educators initiate strategies such as ‘2 stars and a wish’ and SWNI (strengths, weaknesses, new ideas).
These strategies are designed to make reflective practices a more positive experience for students. It teaches them that being critically reflective is not just a negative activity, that it is important to be positive and give feedback to help improve or make something better.